new resource from Child Trends outlines ways to promote children’s resilience to the COVID-19 pandemic and to protect them from the potential negative effects that traumatic events can have on children’s development and well-being.

Child Trends reports that families and communities can work together to promote these protective factors:

  1. Sensitive, responsive caregiving. The primary factor in a child’s recovery from an adverse or traumatic event is the presence of a sensitive and caring adult.
  2. Meeting basic needs. Meeting the basic needs of children and families—such as food, shelter, clothing, and medical and mental health care—is essential to protecting children’s well-being in stressful times.
  3. Emotional support for children. Emotional and behavioral changes in children are to be expected during a pandemic, but most children will return to their typical level of functioning from before the pandemic if given strong emotional support from adults and communities.
  4. Support for caregiver well-being. When parents’ and other caregivers’ needs are met, children are more likely to receive sensitive and responsive care.
  5. Social connectedness. Although in-person contact may be limited during the pandemic, physical distancing should not turn into social isolation, which is a risk factor for child abuse and neglect, adult and youth substance use, and family violence.

Read the full fact sheet on